It’s 5 degrees in NYC! How do dogs paws not freeze in the cold??!?! #science


As I was trying my best to avoid frostbite this morning while walking my dog, I wondered how in the world his paws weren’t frozen solid. The temperature in New York City was 5 degrees Fahrenheit and breezy! Not to mention the rest of his uncovered skin since he is a hairless dog (picture above)!! A quick google search revealed this fun article with nice citations! Check it out!

Dog paws don’t freeze because the arrangement of blood vessels beneath the animals’ skin keeps the temperature just right, the scientists report. The arrangement helps the animal hold on to body heat, which might otherwise be easily lost through their hairless paws.

Hiroyoshi Ninomiya, an expert in animal anatomy from Yamazaki Gakuen University in Tokyo, led the new study on dog paws. During summer, hot asphalt in Japan can reach a scorching 66º Celsius (150º Fahrenheit), he notes. In the winter, the same pavement may drop to about –9º C (15º F).

#Science Quotable: Carrie Wolinetz – President of @UMR4NIH


The release of the 21st Century Cures discussion draft represents a promising opportunity for passing meaningful legislation on National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding and policy. We applaud the leadership of Chairman Fred Upton (R-MI), Representative Diana DeGette (D-CO) and the House Committee on Energy and Commerce in seeking to accelerate advancements and innovations in medicine to more swiftly reach millions of patients awaiting new treatments and cures. Medical research funding has stalled over the past decade and, as such, the pace of discovery has suffered. The 21st Century Cures initiative will help restart its engine and ensure the U.S. keeps its title of world leader in medical innovation.

United for Medical Research looks forward to continuing to work with the Energy and Commerce Committee on this initiative and hopes together we can achieve the goal of investing in the future of medical research by providing NIH with the increased funding necessary for its lifesaving mission. – Carrie Wolinetz, PhD, President, United for Medical Research

Fox News host confuses weather and climate… probably not the first time #Science #AlGore


Anti-science quotable? Dunno, but this was too ridiculous to not post. Weather, such as a blizzard is not the same as climate change, or global warming… read a book. Seems like most of Todd Starnes twitter feed is ridiculous comments designed as inflammatory self promotion. Sad.