Looking back on the year that was, science mavens may notice that tributes to those who’ve passed on in the preceding 12 months are far more often filled with stars of stage, screen, politics and sport than with the pioneering women and men who have bettered our society through discovery and invention. This is especially true of women, whose contributions to the sciences are often overlooked or underappreciated. The following list of 10 women in science who left us in 2014 offers a nod to individuals whose tireless work made the world a better place, both in their lifetimes and for years to come.
Don’t forget that the Volcano World Cup from ERUPTIONS blog is still going on. Now onto Group H. My previous post about this super fun take on a new competition involving the 2014 World Cup countries.
ERUPTIONS blog, by Erik Klemetti, at wired.com has put together an informative and interactive group of posts that pit volcanoes of the world against each other (from countries in the actual 2014 FIFA World Cup) . Check out the posts and start voting for the 2014 Volcano World Cup winner!!
What is the Volcano World Cup? I’m going to take each of the participating countries in the real World Cup and have all of you vote on which are the most volcanically excellent. It will be set up exactly the same as the World Cup – group stage, round of 16, quarter-, semi- and finals – except it will be your votes that move nations forward.
Everyone who has been watching the 2014 World Cup USA games has probably seen the amazing fan that dresses up like Teddy Roosevelt. If you haven’t, or can’t get enough of him, see below tweet from Buzzfeed.
See, as epic as Teddy Roosevelt was historically, and as epic as this fan is now, in my own humble opinion, the most epic fans at the World Cup are these guys. I guess you can argue that they aren’t AT the World Cup, but then again, they are right above it sometimes.
They are watching and supporting ‘Merica from SPACE… that’s right: SPACE. How can you be more epic than space? SO my vote for the most epic fans for team USA are the astronauts, who have taken time from doing science and being astronauts, to watch and play the games in space. Follow them on twitter to get more awesome updates from the International Space Station (@astro_reid @Astro_Alex ).
The Beckham and Maradona curl obtained with the inside of the soccer cleat (football boot), and the curl by Eder, Nelinho, and Roberto Carlos with the outside of the cleat, is due to the Magnus effect. The effect is named after the scientist who first observed it in a laboratory in the 1850s. The Magnus effect explains the side-force on a sphere that is both rotating and moving forward. Here, we use it to analyze the World Cup™ match ball.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup is a good time to remind people that any impact to your head, including headers in soccer, can cause brain changes and abnormalities. This 2013 study in Radiology, showed brain changes by MRI in players that head the ball more.
Participants had headed 32-5400 times (median, 432 times) over the previous year. Heading was associated with lower FA at three locations in temporo-occipital whitematter with a threshold that varied according to location (885-1550 headings per year) (P < .00001). Lower levels of FA were also associated with poorer memory scores (P < .00001), with a threshold of 1800 headings per year. Lifetime concussion history and demographic features were not significantly associated with either FA or cognitive performance.
Heading is associated with abnormal whitematter microstructure and with poorer neurocognitive performance. This relationship is not explained by a history of concussion.